Colon Cancer Treatment

colon cancer treatment

Francesco Grasso, MD, colon and rectal surgeon at MedStar Good Samaritan Hospital, exams a monitor during a colonoscopy. Surgery may be part of your colon cancer treatment plan, depending on your unique condition. 

Have you been diagnosed with colon cancer? If so, it’s important to understand what treatment options are available to you. No matter what treatment option you and your doctor choose, you can rest assured that our colon cancer teams are devoted to you and your recovery and will answer any questions you may have. We’ll be with you every step of the way, from diagnosis to treatment to follow-up care.

Colon Cancer Treatment Options

Once you receive your colon cancer diagnosis, your MedStar Health Cancer Network team will proceed quickly to the treatment phase. Your doctor will discuss your colon cancer treatment options with you, which depend on the stage of your colon cancer—whether it has metastasized (spread) and your general health.

At MedStar Health cancer centers, your colon cancer team will carefully explain each treatment option, give you advice and thoroughly support you throughout your treatment process. In most cases of rectal cancer, surgery is the recommended treatment option, and your doctor may combine it with other treatments, such as radiation or chemotherapy.

There are three primary treatment options for colon cancer. These include surgery, chemotherapy and radiation.

Colon Cancer Surgery

The preferred treatment for colon cancer is surgery. Depending on the size and stage of the cancer, your MedStar surgeon will recommend either minimally invasive surgery or a traditional surgical approach.

If the polyps are small and localized, your surgeon will remove those during a colonoscopy. Larger polyps may require an endoscopic mucosal resection, which involves removing a small amount of the lining of your colon.

If your colon cancer has grown into or through your colon, your surgeon may perform a partial colectomy. This procedure involves the surgeon removing the part of your colon that contains cancer. In some cases, it’s not possible to reconnect the healthy portions of the colon or rectum. In this case, your MedStar surgeon will have to perform a permanent or temporary colostomy .

Chemotherapy for Colon Cancer

In addition to colon cancer surgery, your MedStar doctor may recommend chemotherapy. Chemotherapy uses drugs to destroy cancer cells in your body and is usually given after surgery if your colorectal cancer has spread to your lymph nodes. The goal of chemotherapy is to reduce the risk of cancer recurrence, but it may also be used to help relieve your colon cancer symptoms if it has spread to other parts of your body.

Radiation for Colon Cancer

Radiation therapy uses targeted high-energy rays to kill colon cancer cells that might remain after your surgery. It may also be used to shrink large tumors to make surgery easier or to relieve the symptoms associated with colon cancer. 


Location Information

For a physician referral, please call 1-877-715-HOPE.

Colon Cancer at MedStar Franklin Square Medical Center
The Harry and Jeanette Weinberg Cancer Institute
9103 Franklin Square Drive
Baltimore, MD 21237

Colon Cancer at MedStar Good Samaritan Hospital
5601 Loch Raven Boulevard
Baltimore, MD 21239

Colon Cancer at MedStar Harbor Hospital
The Cancer Center
3001 South Hanover St.
Baltimore, MD 21225

Colon Cancer at MedStar Union Memorial Hospital
201 East University Parkway
Johnston Professional Building
Suite 107
Baltimore, MD 21218

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Patient Story