Not all tumors of the bones and connecting tissues lead to cancer. However, benign orthopedic tumors may still lead to serious problems. Without proper treatment, these tumors can put pressure on healthy bones and tissues, which can lead to discomfort or issues with your bone and muscle structure.
Though some childhood benign orthopedic tumors can disappear over time, many require expert treatment. We use the latest methods to diagnose and treat the following types of these tumors:
- Aneurysmal bone cysts are most common in children and young adults. These cysts can cause the bones in the arms, legs, trunk, or skull to expand in a way that causes pressure and pain. They often come back after removal.
- Benign fibrous histiocytoma is a rare type of tumor, making up only 1 percent of all benign bone tumors. These tumors are most often found in adults age 20 and older, and they can appear in many parts of the body, including the knee, hip, or skull.
- Bone island (enostosis) is most commonly found in the upper leg, ribs, and pelvis. These tumors do not need to be removed, though they can become quite large.
- Chondroblastoma is a rare benign tumor that grows near the ends of the thighbone, shinbone, and upper arm bone. They typically occur in children and young adults and are more common in males.
- Chrondromyxofibroma is very rare and usually occurs in patients younger than 30. Surgery is the most common type of treatment for these types of tumors.
- Desmoplastic fibroma is a rare tumor that affects children and young adults. It is most common in the bones of the face, skull, upper arms, and upper legs.
- Enchondroma is most common in the hands and feet, though it can also affect the thighbone, upper arm, or lower parts of the leg. A condition in which a patient has many enchondromas is called enchondromatosis.
- Eosinophilic granuloma can be found anywhere in the body but is most common in the skull, spine, ribs, and upper arms and legs. It typically affects children and young adults.
- Fibrous dysplasia causes scar like tissue to develop in place of normal bone. This type of bone disorder is rare and most common in children younger than 10.
- Ganglion (intraosseous) are cysts that commonly form along the tendons or joints of the wrist or hand. We can remove these surgically, though many go away on their own.
- Giant cell tumors can be cancerous or benign, though cancerous versions are rare. Giant-cell tumors appear in the arms or legs. They can be removed, though they often recur.
- Hemangioma can occur anywhere in the body, including the bone, internal organs, muscle, and skin. Most do not require any treatment.
- Melorheostosis affects the growth and development of bone and soft tissue. It can cause chronic pain; stiff muscles, tendons, and ligaments; and deformities of the limb, hand, or foot.
- Nonossifying fibroma is the most common bone tumor in kids. The tumors do not generally cause pain and often go away on their own without treatment.
- Osteoblastoma tumors can be found anywhere in the body, though they are most common in the spine. If the tumors grow large and become painful, we usually recommend surgery to remove them.
- Osteochondroma is a very common type of tumor affecting the legs, pelvis, and shoulder blade. Most patients are between 10 and 30.
- Osteoma is a type of benign head tumor. The tumor can cause headaches, sinus infections, or hearing and vision problems.
- Osteoid osteomas can be extremely painful due to chemicals released by the tumor into the surrounding nerves. They can appear anywhere in the bone.
- Periosteal chondroma tumors often occur in the fingers, toes, upper arms, or thighbones. They are most common in people younger than 30. Periosteal chondromas can cause swelling and dull, achy pain at the tumor site.
Do you have a family history of orthopedic cancer? Do you need a second opinion or more advanced care? Please call us.
Orthopedic Cancer at MedStar Franklin Square Medical Center
The Harry and Jeanette Weinberg Cancer Institute
The National Center for Bone and Soft Tissue Tumors
9103 Franklin Square Dr., Ste. 2200
Baltimore, MD 21237